Tell us about your case

Civil Harassment:


In general, civil harassment is abuse, threats of abuse, stalking, sexual assault, or serious harassment by someone you have not dated and do not have a close relationship with, like a neighbor, a roommate, or a friend (that you have never dated). It is also civil harassment if the abuse is from a family member that is not included in the list under domestic violence. So, for example, if the abuse is from an uncle or aunt, a niece or nephew, or a cousin, it is considered civil harassment and not domestic violence.


The civil harassment laws say “harassment” is:


  • Unlawful violence, like assault or battery or stalking, or

  • A credible (real) threat of violence, and

  • The violence or threats seriously scare, annoy, or harass someone and there is no valid reason for it.

Domestic Violence:


Domestic violence is abuse or threats of abuse when the person being abused and the abuser are or have been in an intimate relationship (married or domestic partners, are dating or used to date, live or lived together, or have a child together). It is also when the abused person and the abusive person are closely related by blood or by marriage.


The domestic violence laws say “abuse” is:


  • Physically hurting or trying to hurt someone, intentionally or recklessly;

  • Sexual assault;

  • Making someone reasonably afraid that they or someone else are about to be seriously hurt (like threats or promises to harm someone); OR

  • Behavior like harassing, stalking, threatening, or hitting someone; disturbing someone’s peace; or destroying someone’s personal property.

Elder Abuse:


Abuse of an elder or a dependent adult is abuse of:


  • Someone 65 years old or older; or

  • A dependent adult, who is someone between 18 and 64 that has certain mental or physical disabilities that keep him or her from being able to do normal activities or protect himself or herself.


The law says elder or dependent adult abuse is:


  • Physical abuse, neglect, financial abuse, abandonment, isolation, abduction (taking the person out of the state against his or her will), or other behavior that causes physical harm, pain, or mental suffering; OR

  • Deprivation by a caregiver of things or services that the elder or dependent adult needs to avoid physical harm or mental suffering.

Gun Violence Prevention:


A Gun Violence Restraining Order is a court order that prohibits someone from having a gun, ammunition or magazines (ammunition storage and feeding devices). 


It can order someone to:


  • Not have (possess or own) a gun, ammunition or magazines;

  • Not buy a gun, ammunition, or magazines; and

  • Turn in any guns, ammunition and magazines to the police, sell them to or store them with a licensed gun dealer.


In your court papers, you will need to give facts that would convince a judge of all of the following:

1. The person you want to restrain owns or is trying to get guns, 

2. The person poses a significant danger, now or in the future, of personal injury to themselves or to another person; and

3. You need a restraining order because another less restrictive way to protect against the danger will not work, or has been tried but did not work, or is not appropriate.

Workplace Violence:


A workplace violence restraining order must be requested by an employer on behalf of an employee who needs protection. The court order can last up to 3 years. The order can also protect certain family or household members of the employee and other employees at the employee’s workplace or at other workplaces of the employer. These orders will be enforced by law enforcement agencies.


The court can order a person to:


  • Not harass or threaten the employee;

  • Not contact or go near the employee; and

  • Not have a gun.